University of Luxembourg
December 06, 2019, 12:15, Room GC B3 31 (click here for the map)
This paper studies the intended and unintended effects of a specific policy conducted by the French Government around 2006 aiming at boosting the number of foreign students admitted in French universities. The Campus France program aimed at facilitating the application process of foreign candidates from some particular countries and applying in specific universities. We develop a small theoretical model that allows for the existence of capacity constraints in order to analyse the potential effects of such a policy in terms of student inflows and in terms of selection. Using a Diff-in-Diff-in-Diff approach, we test the impact of Campus France on the magnitude of inflows. We find that the Campus France policy led to a global increase of inflows of foreign students around 8%. The increase is concentrated on universities outside the top 150 of the Shanghai Ranking. We also use the CF policy as a way to test the potential crowding-out effects on native students while taking care of the usual endogeneity concerns. We find some evide,ce in favour of crowding-in effects, either on native students or on foreign students coming through the traditional channel (joint work with Lionel Ragot, Univ Paris X).
Michel Beine has been a professor of economics at the University of Luxembourg for more than 10 years and is a research fellow of IZA (Bonn), CES-Ifo (Munich), IRES (Louvain) and CREAM (London). His current research focuses on the economic issues related to international migration, such as brain drain, international mobility of students, climate change and migration and determinants of international migration. He has published more than 50 papers in academic journals, such as Economic Journal, Journal of Development Economics, European Economic Review, Review of Urban and Regional Economics, Canadian Journal of Economics or Scandinavian Journal of Economics or the Journal of Economic Geography. His work has received more than 7500 citations with a h-index of 39 (Google scholar). He is currently the coordinator of the PRIDE MINLAB doctoral program on topics involving migration, labour and inequality. He has been acting as an adviser of several international institutions such as the World bank, the European Commission, Industry Canada, the Walloon Region in Belgium or the Banque de France.