de Werra, D., Demange, M., Escoffier, B., Monnot, J., and Paschos, V. (2009)

Weighted coloring on planar, bipartite and split graphs: Complexity and approximation, Discrete Applied Mathematics 157(4):819-832.

We study complexity and approximation of MIN WEIGHTED NODE COLORING in planar, bipartite and split graphs. We show that this problem is NP-hard in planar graphs, even if they are triangle-free and their maximum degree is bounded above by 4. Then, we prove that MIN WEIGHTED NODE COLORING is NP-hard in Pg-free bipartite graphs, but polynomial for P-5-free bipartite graphs. We next focus on approximability in general bipartite graphs and improve earlier approximation results by giving approximation ratios matching inapproximability bounds. We next deal with MIN WEIGHTED EDGE COLORING in bipartite graphs. We show that this problem remains strongly NP-hard, even in the case where the input graph is both cubic and planar. Furthermore, we provide an inapproximability bound of 7/6 - epsilon, for any epsilon > 0 and we give an approximation algorithm with the same ratio. Finally, we show that MIN WEIGHTED NODE COLORING in split graphs can be solved by a polynomial time approximation scheme. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

doi:10.1016/j.dam.2008.06.013 (click here for the full paper)