Bierlaire, M., Hurtubia, R., and Flötteröd, G. (2010)

An analysis of the implicit choice set generation using the Constrained Multinomial Logit model

Transportation Research Board 2010 Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., United States

Discrete choice models are defined conditional to the knowledge of the actual choice set by the analyst. The common practice for many years is to assume that individual-based choice sets can be deterministically generated based on the choice context and the characteristics of the decision maker. There are many situations where this assumption is not valid or not applicable, and probabilistic choice set formation procedures must be considered. The Constrained Multinomial Logit model (CMNL) has recently been proposed by Martinez et al. (2009) as a convenient way to deal with this issue, as it is also appropriate for models with a large choice set. In this paper, we analyze how well the implicit choice set generation of the CMNL approximates to the explicit choice set generation as described by Manski (1977). The results based on synthetic data show that the implicit choice set generation model may be a poor approximation of the explicit model.